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Sunday, January 11, 2015

The Silver Lining of Weeds - Bio Dynamic Accumulators

The Importance of Biodynamic Accumulators in the Food Forest Ecosystem 

Russian Comfrey 

Don't remove the weeds!  There are macro and micro nutrients essential for healthy plant growth. Keeping an array of weeds in your food forest garden can be essential to success of your soil building efforts.  Some accumulate a significant amount of these essential nutrients.  You may be surprised by some of the plants in the list.  Often deep rooted, these plants accumulate nutrients and bring them to the surface in their foliage.  Decomposition of the foliage deposits free and essential nutrients your plants needs.

Permaculture has been described, in part, as soil farming.  Create a great foundation of soil full of vitality and the production of your vegetables, berries, nuts, annual and perennial crops will be healthier and more productive.

After your plantings are established and competition from weeds in close proximity to new or annual plants (which are better served by companion plantings) you can relax and know the following weeds are working hard harvesting good nutrition for your soil and making it available to other plants.

Craig and I always welcome your comments and suggestions for additions.  Our plans are moving forward ( There's Never a Wish Better than This).  Pre-orders for Seabuckthorn Plants will be ending by the end of the month, so if you want to ensure availability and beat the rush and price increases, please order today. I have added a smaller quantity package of Schizandra Chineses , Chinese Magnolia Vine for those who want just a few plants. -  Thanks

Sea Buckthorn and Reishi Mushroom Face Cream and a Beard Butter has been very popular both here and overseas with Craig.

English name Botanical name Nutrients
Dandelion Taraxacum officinale Ca, K, P, Cu, Fe, Mg, Si
Nettle Urtica dioica Ca, K, P, Cu, Fe, Na, N
Dock, Sorrels Rumex spp. Ca, K, P, Fe, Mg
Horsetails Equisetum spp. Ca, Co, Fe, Mg
Watercress Nasturtium officinale Ca, K, P, Fe, Na, S
Comfreys Symphytum spp. Ca, K, P, Fe, Mg, Si
Watercress Nasturtium officinale K, P, Ca, S, Fe, Mg, Na
German Chamomile Chamaemelus nobile  K, P, Ca
Black walnut  Juglans nigra  K, P, Ca
Shagbark Hickory  Carya ovate  K, P Ca
Basswood Tilia spp. P, Ca, Mg
Vetches Vicia spp. K,P,N
Sugar Maple Acer saccarum K, Ca
Yarrow Achillea millefolium K, P, Cu
Chives Allium schoenoprasum K, Ca
Black Birch Betula lenta K, P, Ca
Birches Betula spp P
Shagbark Hickory Carya ovate K, P, Ca
Hickory, Pecans Carya spp K, Ca
Chicory Cichorium intybus K, Ca
Flowering Dogwood Cornus florida K, P, Ca
Beeches Fagus spp K
Strawberry Fragria spp Fe
Wintergreen Gaultheria procumbens Mg
Licorices Glycyrrhiza spp P, N
Black Walnut Juglans nigra K, P, Ca
Walnuts Juglans spp K, P
Lupines Lupinus spp P, N
Apples Malus spp K
Alfalfa Medicago sativa Fe, N
Lemon Balm Melissa officinalis P
Peppermint Mentha piperita K, Mg
Silverweed Potentilla arserina K, Ca, Cu
Black Locust Robinia pseudoacacia K, Ca, N
Salad Burnet Sanguisorba minor Fe
Savory Satureja spp P
Chickweed Stellaria media K, P
Basswood Tilia Americana P, Ca, Mg
Clovers Trifolium spp P, N
Violets Viola spp P
Spruce Pinus glabra N, P, K, Ca, Mg, Mn 
Sea Buckthorn Hippophae rhamnoides N
Abbreviation Key
Ca = Calcium
Co = Cobalt
Cu = Copper
Fe = Iron
K = Potassium
Mg = Magnesium
N = Nitrogen 
Na = Sodium
P = Phosphorus
S = Sulfur
Si = Silicon

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