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Thursday, April 9, 2015

Guest Post from Omegafruit.ca in Quebec Sunny, Goldrain, Tatiana, and Mary Varieties of Seabuckthorn

Update from Foxgreen Farms:

2016- Ordering for this season has begun.  Please visit www.jiovi.com to see the many varieties of plants an seeds available.
2015-We have been very busy here now that spring has arrived across most of the country.  So far we have shipped nearly 1000 Seabuckthorn Plants and it is still going strong.  
Seabuckthorn in Los Angeles!  Here is a photo of some plants we shipped a few weeks back to Los Angeles.  They look great!  Thanks Scott for sending the picture!
Purchase information page from jiovi at Foxgreen Farms

Guest post from Melissa at Argousier Omega Fruit Sea Buckthorn.  Thank you Melissa!

When starting a Sea buckthorn plantation-

When starting a Sea buckthorn plantation, whether it be large or small, one must consider which stock to start with. There are many choices of cultivars, hybrids and seed stock, available on the market today, and I know that having that many choices can become confusing or even a bit over whelming when trying to identify which plants are best for your project.

The first question everyone should ask themselves before buying their plants is - What do I want to do with my Sea berries?
 If adding sea buckthorn plants as decorative elements in the garden or a landscaping project, you’ll want to choose your plants according to the size at maturity. Some Finnish varieties will grow into a dense round shrub no larger than 4’ but most Hippophae Rhamnoïdes will grow between 39’-49’ high without regular pruning. When planting Sea buckthorn for erosion control or land rehabilitation, matu
re unspecific seed stock is always the best choice.

To find the healthiest, most disease resistant plants, one should look for the telltale signs of infection. Orange, dried up branches, and brown spots or circular indents called cankers on bark can be signs of illness in Sea buckthorn and plants showing these symptoms should be avoided.

Now, when it comes to choosing sea berry plants for specific purposes like creating consumable goods or cosmetic products, a little due diligence will go a very long way in building just the right mix of just the right plants. Some berries can give a taste sensation very much like biting into a sour lemon, giving the jaws and throat a puckering feeling, while others are less astringent and much more palatable. Several cultivar have high oil levels which are very desirable for those looking to make cosmetics with their Sea buckthorn berries.


At Omega fruit, we offer four popular fruiting cultivars; Sunny (Solnechnaya), Goldrain. Mary and Tatiana and we have one pollinator which is appropriate for all our female trees.

All our Sea buckthorn cultivars are listed as "preferred varieties", by Mr. Martin Trépanier, Ph.D., agr. at the horticultural research centre in Laval Quebec, in his 2013 presentation for the commercial development of Sea buckthorn in Canada.

Here are a few brief descriptions of our Sea buckthorn varieties.



Lord (pollinator)
Vigorous and strong pollinator.
Not prone to infections and has very few thorns.
This male plant has a 10 day, early season pollination period. Appropriate for many mature fruiting female growing in a tempered northern climate (zone 3 to 4).  

Sunny (Solnechnaya)


photo of Sunny seaberrt
Medium height tree will mature at ~39’ (can easily be kept at 5'-7' for production)
Very resistant to infections
With very few thorns.
Large oval fruits mature to a deep yellow in mid to late summer. 
Harvest time is roughly two weeks in mid-August
Nice, lightly acidic, flavor. Sunny Sea buckthorn berries are large and very juicy. Average weight per 100 berries is approximately 100 grams!  This cultivar produces berries with a great taste that are perfect for juice blends.

Mary

Medium height will mature at ~39’ (can easily be kept at 5'-7' for production)
Very resistant to infections
With very few thorns. 
Fruits, bright orange at maturity, remain firm for a long period. The fruit has a much longer harvest (up to first frost).  Average berry weight 58g/100 berries
Berry has a slightly higher oil content than Sunny and Goldrain, and it is a good choice for both cosmetics and consumables.
The mild pleasant flavor of this berry has kept it the top pick among Europeans.
Goldrain

Naturally, the largest of our breeds, this cultivar will grow up to 49’ high but can be pruned regularly to maintain a downward growth habit for production purposes. 
Goldrain a has few thorns and is very resistant to infections
The cylindrical fruit matures at mid season (late august) and has a long harvest time (first frost). The berries remain relatively easy to hand pick and 100 berries can yield an average of 76g. This cultivar is a great pick to blend with Sunny and Mary for juicing and other consumables. 
Tatiana
Seaberry variety Tatiana

This is smallest of our Sea buckthorn cultivars with narrow branches, it may reach a hight of ~35’ H at maturity.  With very few thorns it is also very resistant to infections.
Dark orange oval fruits mature in late July to early august and have a slightly acidic taste.
Harvest time is roughly two weeks at mid-season.  This cultivars is mainly desirable for its higher oil content which is useful in cosmetics.

Analysis results of berries produced by Omega fruit cultivars. Agriculturists looking to produce berries with higher oil content for cosmetics would choose a blend of Tatiana and Mary, while those looking for a comestible blend of Sea berries would select Sunny, Goldrain and Mary for their plantation.

Variety

Dry matter, Brix

Total acids, %
Vitamin C, mg/100g
Vitamin E, mg/100g
 β-carotene, mg/100g
Polyphenols, mg/100g
 Oil, %
Sunny
8.1
2.9
81
17.9
10.7
141.7
4.7
Goldrain
8.2
3.2
72.5
27.5
13.2
105.4
4.6
Mary
8.6
2.8
74
31.2
14
85.1
5.2
Tatiana
8
2
83.6
36.7
16.8
94
5.6

• Vitamin C. The content of ascorbic acid (vitamin C) (mg 100g-1 determined by the HPLC method (LVS EN 14130:2003).
• Phenolic compounds. The total content of phenols (mg 100g-1 determined by the Folin-Ciocalteu method using a spectrometer UV-1650- PC (Shimadzu, Japan) at a wavelength 765 nm (Singleton et al., 1999).
• Vitamin E and β-carotene. The content of vitamin E and β-carotene (mg/100g-1) in samples was established by a modified method. The method is based on extraction of vitamin E and carotenoids with petroleum benzene (Seglina, 2008).
• Soluble solids content (Brix%) was measured with a temperature compensated refractometer Atago N20 (ATAGO, Japan) according to standard LVS EN 12143:2001.
• The content of total acids (% ) was determined by titrating with 0.1N NaOH

Melissa can be reached at -

Argousier  Omega Fruit  Sea Buckthorn.

Other varieties and their descriptions:



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