History of cultivation
The species has a history of utilization that goes back at least 12 centuries. The ancient Greeks maintained pasture fields with these trees. The plant was widely used as a folk medicine in ancient Greece, the Roman Empire, Mongolia and Russia. The Tibetan medical classic, the RGyud Bzi or Four Books of Pharmacopeia, attributed to the Tang Dynasty (618-907 AD), lists 84 prescriptions for the preparation of sea buckthorn medicines. References to its medicinal use in Greece are found in writings of Theophrastus and Dioscorides. Russian immigrants took sea buckthorn to America at the beginning of the 20th century.
Modern usages range vastly. It's health benefits lie in it's density of vitamins, amino acids, and phytosterols.